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Dr. Najmeh Shobeiri*

“Here everything is much like Iran”

This might be the most popular sentence you hear from Iranian passengers to Spain. This is also my own personal experience in my first travel to Spain. At that time, despite my young age, I had no feeling of strangeness in an exotic country. Years later, in my first Trip to Andalus and while roaming in the Labyrinthine alleyways and Smelling the aroma of orange, I found me in the alleys of warm cities of Iran.

Undoubtedly,the beautiful Alhambra Palace and its gardens, streams and Arabic engraving lines,associate some parts of themselves for every Iranian. Visiting the mosque in Cordoba is a great story that I would write a novel about it.

Some years ago, in one of my visits to the mosque of Cordoba, I said to me: one day, I must share this specialSense of cultural fusion, familiar images, strange combination of mosque-church, streams of Granada, the smell of orange, Averroes` school, memories of watchtowers and tears and smiles of Andalus with people from my country.

Andalus is far but near, Andalus is strange but familiar.

In general, as much as Seville, Granada, and Cordoba are showcases of civilization, history, philosophy, theosophy, love, hatred, anger and happiness, they are also full of literature.

I believe that Allame Tabatabaee Universitywill perfectly host a great number of scholars and thinkers in this conference, who will study this civilization in terms of philosophy, theosophy, art and so on.

Finally I have no word except for expressing my great happiness of my old dreams which are coming true.

We strongly believe that enthusiastic steps of interested audiences can be associated with the heat of the Andalusian gardens for us.

Summer 1394


*Head of the department of Spanish Faculty of Persian Literature and Language Allameh Tabatabai University





Dr. Emilio Gonzales*

The Renaissance of the Andalus

Andalus is not just a passed period of time, but it is a constructive part of time. All periods of history (though some would resist) will definitely pass. These constructive parts will flow and even the obstacles which were resisting at first cannot stop the flow of history. The main concern is always “looking to the future” and the important point is that how we face with what will happen. In our point of view Andalus, as a constructive part of history, is the source from which the west and Europe flied to experience the first Renaissance of the history.

The history of Europe has been always written against Islam, while Andalus is a golden period of Islamic civilization. So how can we put together these two opposite approaches toward a period of history?

Answer to this question is in the center of the question “how we look at future?” and it also depends on the future that we imagine “do we imagine a future in which there is a compatibility between the west and Islam without any conflict?” the only way to understand the complexity of the glorious history and to overcome this duality of mind about Europe and Islam, is to face what is presented to us with an open mind and far from any cliché and stereotype, through this we can overcome the monopoly of cultures, languages and religions.

Historical Coordination of Andalus as the golden era of Islamic civilization and the European Renaissance, can be a great intellectual training for future. At first we, scholars from this special corner of Europe, must reexamine the period of Andalus in order to overcome our cliché approach toward this period which we call “strange”; this strangeness is the result of our cultural and educational poverty about the legends which the history of Spain is based on them. Moreover, here in this special corner of Europe, there is a stereotype which tells us that whoever is proud of this era, is definitely a spy in the service of the collapse of the homeland.

That`s why, who seeks to study about this era will face a confusing, defective and altered phenomenon which is a metaphor of the reality; the reality which has been defamed and ignored or vice versa it has been exaggerated.

Developing the study of the historical period of Andalus and balancing its historical concept is one of the best training tools for future. This will lead to leave behind the humble borders of the one-dimension approach (toward religion, language, region and genetic) and will help to increase understanding of the global wealth and finally will provide a situation in which with the knowledge of strength of the origins, we can sit to watch the foliage of the history.

*The professor of the Seville University