Ildefonso Falcones’ Presentation of the Moriscos between 1564- 1612 in THE HAND OF FATIMA (2008) with Reference to the ‘’Author’s Note”

Lanja A. Dabbagh, University of Salahaddin, Iraq

Ismael Saeed, University of Salahaddin, Iraq

This paper focuses on Andalusia’s legacy after the Alpujarra Revolt of 1564, the events that managed to stay in the Spanish memory of the 21st-century, as narrated by Ildefonso Falcones in THE HAND OF FATIMA (2008). The causes, dating from 1492, and consequences, dragging on to 1612 and later, are powerfully present in this novel and the appendix attached to it. This paper analyzes Falcones’ presentation of the Muslims between 1564- 1612, with focus on his “Author’s Note”. Many literary works appeared with vivid details and much documentation as part of the structure in the creative work, such as Cervantes’ DON QUIXOTE, Dryden’s CONQUEST OF GRANADA, Coleridge’s REMORSE, and Irving Washington’s TALES OF THE ALHAMBRA. They include memorable scenes based on traceable documentation. Falcones’ work abides by the method followed by the masters of the historical fiction,carried on with maximum skill.He goes beyond writing a novel which is historically accurate:he expounds and explains his narrative theory and practice in the “Author’s Note”.The analysis of the ten valuable pages forming this Note is necessary for artistic as well as historical considerations of Truth and balance. THE HAND OF FATIMA (HOF) objectively shows the case of all sides, not only the Moriscos.Falcones is a lawyer by profession. Hence, as a novelist,he aims to be fair among the protagonists representing the warring factions.His presentation of the Moriscos is accurate.He avoids giving the impression that he is the moral spokesman for his community.His novel is an artistic triumph in the line of a very thorny long-avoided, and undesirable topic in the legacy of Islam in Iberia.